Essential Tips and Techniques of Load Binding

Don’t let your cargo get away from you- watch our video on load binding or read more for tips to keep you and your loads safe and secure.

We have put together some general guidelines and tips to help you safely and properly bind your load for transport using ratchet and lever load binders.

Tie Down Requirements

The Federal Drivers Handbook states that vehicles that individually weigh more than ten thousand pounds and operate on wheels or tracks will require a minimum of four tie-downs, each having a working load limit (WLL) of five thousand pounds or higher.

According to the General Cargo Securement requirements, the sum of the working load limits from all tie-downs must be at least fifty percent of the weight of the cargo.

Grades of Tie Down Chain

There are primarily two different grades of tie-down chain that are used in transporting heavy equipment: Grade 43 and Grade 70.

Grade 43 tie-down chain is lower in cost than Grade 70, but has a lower working load limit.

Grade 70 has a higher working load limit than Grade 43 which allows you to use smaller diameter chain or fewer tie-downs.

Common Types of Load Binders

The two most common types of load binders that are used in transporting heavy equipment are lever binders and ratchet binders.

Lever binders are less expensive than ratchet binders, are more compact, and are faster to operate.

Lever Load Binder

Ratchet binders are easier and safer to operate and provide a much higher mechanical advantage than lever binders.

Ratchet Load Binder
General Tips

Be sure to check and follow your equipment's manual and all transportation regulations for the jurisdictions in which you'll be traveling.

Always make sure that the vehicle is in park and that all accessory vehicle equipment, such as, hydraulic booms or shovels have been completely lowered.

Accessory vehicle equipment must be separately secured with tie-downs.

Secure the vehicle to the trailer using a minimum of four tie-downs; each having a working load limit of at least 5,000 pounds.

Tie-downs should be attached at the front or rear of the vehicle at a 45 degree angle, and connected to specifically designed mounting points on the trailer.

Front Tie Downs with Ratchet Binders
Back Tie Downs with Ratchet Binders

Be sure to wrap any excess binding chain around the load binder and secure it in place with the zip tie or small gauge wire.

For detailed information on the different types of load binding equipment that we carry at E-Rigging, please refer to our website, and the following products video links:

How to Use Peerless Ratchet Binder Plus & Ratchet Load Binders

How to Use Peerless Quickbinder Plus Ratchet Load Binders

How to Use Peerless Prolok66 Lever Load Binders

How to Use Peerless Safety Release Lever Load Binders

If you have any questions or concerns, please Contact Us. For more useful videos on rigging products and topics, check out our Youtube channel. 

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